For the few who haven’t heard of it, CBD is short for cannabidiol . It’s a compound found in cannabis plants like hemp and marijuana. Yes, that marijuana, the plant lumped in with heroin as a Schedule I Narcotic by federal law, but which many US states have legalized for its medicinal and recreational uses. Unlike its marijuana-based psychoactive cousin THC, CBD from industrial hemp is non-psychoactive and legal on the federal level.
You can find it at dispensaries, drug stores, grocery stores, cosmetics stores, specialty stores, and for sale online in tincture, oil, topical, oral, edible, or beverage form. Early trials of CBD have revealed numerous promising properties, including but not limited to: Blood pressure stabilization. The news about chronic kidney disease is not nearly as happy. The condition is not reversible and is curable only by a transplant procedure with a multi-year waiting list. The prognosis is usually for only a few years’ survival after diagnosis. Worse still, the treatments available to prolong a patient’s life can sometimes seem as bad as the disease. In short, patients with kidney disease deserve some good news. CBD and kidney disease is not ready for prime time, but early research points to promising directions in some current studies and are suggestive of where future studies might go.
As a result, people who suffer from kidney disease are understandably curious about the impact this buzz-powered compound could have on their condition. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs situated near the lower back on either side of the torso. The job of the kidneys is to clean the blood and extract excess fluids. These fluids are then expelled from the body intermittently as urine. If the kidneys become impaired in their function, serious complications can follow. People can live normal lives with just one functional kidney. However, the failure of both kidneys is a deadly condition; injury to one or both kidneys is often fatal. “Kidney disease” is a broad descriptor for a variety of conditions that affect the kidneys and their function. Other terms for kidney disease include “renal disease” and “nephropathy” (referring to pathology of the “nephrons,” the functional unit of kidney activity). Different types of kidney disease include: Chronic Kidney Disease. The most common form of kidney disease is chronic kidney disease , affecting 37 million Americans or 15% of the adult population. 90% of affected individuals don’t even know they have it. Like most chronic conditions, chronic kidney disease does not improve with time. Instead, the condition usually worsens until the kidneys can no longer function properly. The most common cause of chronic kidney disease is high blood pressure. When the blood pressure increases, it puts strain on the delicate blood vessels where the blood gets cleaned (known as glomeruli ). Type 1 or type 2 diabetes can also contribute to the onset of chronic kidney disease. So can a diet high in animal protein, animal fats, sweets, and cholesterol, which increase the risk of kidney-damaging microalbuminuria. As the disease progresses, the kidneys may no longer filter fluids effectively, causing fluids to build up in the body. As a result, a patient may notice symptoms such as: Nausea and vomiting. These symptoms can easily be mistaken for symptoms of other conditions, a major reason that chronic kidney disease can go undiagnosed until it has become advanced. In the advanced stage, the kidneys may fail altogether and the buildup of excess fluids and lack of filtration can become life-threatening. A patient who progresses to this stage of the disease may require dialysis , a procedure to clean the blood and remove excess fluids by artificial or secondary means. In hemodialysis, a machine draws the blood out of the body, passes it through a filter to clean it and remove excess fluids, then returns the cleansed blood to the body. This procedure usually takes about eight hours and must be performed several days a week. It can be performed at a dialysis center or at home with the use of specialized equipment and disposable bags of dialysis fluid. The blood can enter and exit the body either through needles inserted for the session or through permanent ports in the skin.
Hemodialysis performs some of the functions of the kidneys, but not all of them. Changes in diet and lifestyle, along with medications, may be needed as supplementary treatments. While people can live productive lives while on hemodialysis, the procedure is disruptive, unpleasant, and deleterious to quality of life. Nevertheless, it remains the most common treatment for kidney failure. This form of dialysis does not remove the blood from the body to clean it. Instead, a catheter port is installed in the abdomen and cleaning fluid is infused into the abdomen. The cleaning fluid accesses the blood through the peritoneum (inner lining of the belly), drawing out excess fluids and impurities. The fluid must be infused and purged several times, in 30-40 minute cycles over the course of about eight hours, to effectively cleanse the blood.
This can be done by a machine while the patient sleeps, or the patient can perform the fluid exchanges manually.