Will CBD help you sleep?
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- What is CBD and how does it work?
- How does CBD make you feel?
- Does CBD oil make you tired?
- CBD vs. THC for sleep
- What effect does CBD oil have on sleep disorders?
- What are the other potential benefits of CBD?
- Bottom line
A good night’s sleep has incontestable benefits for general health and wellbeing. For 30% of the general population, however, sinking into an effortless slumber doesn’t come easily, according to a national poll by the Sleep Foundation. To make matters worse, sleeping pills and medications commonly used to induce sleep are often accompanied by side effects.
One possible alternative to these medications is cannabidiol (CBD), a non-intoxicating cannabis compound. It is currently trending as a sleep aid as many are discovering that it promotes drowsiness by removing obstacles to sleep, such as anxiety. But are there scientific grounds to believe that CBD can actually support and bolster more healthful sleep? Weedmaps spoke with four experts to find out.
What is CBD and how does it work?
While we have some understanding of how CBD interacts with the body, there is still much to learn.
“CBD itself doesn’t do a lot of heavy lifting when it comes to binding to CB1 and CB2 receptors but instead promotes the binding of the endocannabinoids already in our systems,” Drew Ford, Chief Science Officer at Kase Manufacturing, a cannabis extraction facility, told Weedmaps. “It ensures they bind to the receptors that they’re supposed to go to.”
Research suggests that CBD may act on serotonin receptors, prompting the release of endocannabinoids. Serotonin is also one of the most important neurotransmitters for regulating the sleep-wake cycle. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Endocannabinoid receptors affect the entire body. According to Dr. Thinh Vo, Director of Quality and Compliance at Koi CBD, cannabidiol indirectly has an impact on receptors that send information between “the cells in the nervous, immune, and circulatory systems to regulate biological processes.”
Evidence from a study published in Translational Psychiatry also suggests that CBD inhibits the uptake of anandamide, which is an endocannabinoid that is often referred to as the “bliss molecule.” Anandamide binds to CB1 receptors in the body’s endocannabinoid system, just like CBD. When CBD occupies those receptors instead, anandamide’s pleasant effects may last longer.
How does CBD make you feel?
When it comes to how CBD products will make you feel, the answer will depend largely on individual-specific factors.
“Each person’s reactions to CBD are unique,” Vo told Weedmaps News. “Reactions to CBD are also affected by other variables such as delivery method, whether the person is taking existing medications/supplements, and whether the product is an isolate or a spectrum oil.”
Vo points out that terpenes present in CBD oil also influence the individual’s response. “We know that terpenes play an essential role in determining the strain and influencing a sedative effect, energetic effect, or combination of both,” he explained.
CBD may diminish the anxiety that can render it challenging to fall asleep. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Per a study published in the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, when administered at different doses, CBD may provoke distinctive responses. Low doses may cause someone to feel energized and alert, while higher doses may be relaxing and encourage drowsiness. CBD is frequently anecdotally reported to alleviate anxiety.
“CBD is an anxiolytic, which means that it reduces anxiety and is calming,” explains Dr. Elaine Burns, a naturopathic doctor who is CEO and founder of Dr. Burns’ ReLeaf. “In addition, it helps to relax the muscles. These two properties both contribute to a feeling of relaxation in the mind and body.”
Does CBD oil make you tired?
As to whether CBD oil can cause tiredness, expert opinions appear to be mixed. “There is no true clinical evidence to support CBD as a sleep aid. CBD oil itself should not make a person drowsy,” Ford said.
That being said, Ford also acknowledges that CBD may diminish the anxiety that can inhibit sleep and “could be effective as a sleep aid for people who need to calm down and relax their mind.”
Dr. Patricia Frye, a board-certified cannabis clinician and Chief Medical Officer at HelloMD, pointed out that there is evidence that high doses of CBD can modulate adenosine pathways in the brain. “Adenosine is the substance that accumulates during the day and deactivates the sensory neurons in the area of the brain that keeps us awake.”
CBD may trigger tiredness or a sleep response through its reported effects on the 5-HT1a serotonin receptors. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
CBD may also trigger tiredness or a sleep response through its reported effects on the 5-HT1a serotonin receptors, as observed in a study published in the medical journal Pain. “When binding to the 5-HT1a receptors, CBD essentially blocks those receptors from other agonists binding to them,” Ford explained. “Depending on the individual’s body chemistry, when CBD binds to these receptors it can essentially block the anxiety or depression-causing molecules, leading to immediate relief.” As a result, some individuals may feel a sensation of sleepiness.
CBD vs. THC for sleep
THC, the cannabis plant’s most abundant and intoxicating cannabinoid, is reputed to induce sleepiness. Ford believes any feelings of drowsiness associated with CBD oil can most likely be attributed to THC. “If CBD oil is making you feel drowsy, it’s probably due to a fraction of THC being left in the product,” he said.
THC isn’t necessarily more effective than CBD as a sleep aid. An individual’s body chemistry affects how he or she responds to THC, and for some, it may be counterproductive if they’re looking for deep slumber. Ford explained that while the “psychoactivity of THC” can lead to drowsiness, it can also cause the mind to race, ultimately concluding that “it really depends on what symptoms you are trying to overcome and what works best for your own body.”
Burns agrees, adding that THC can also cause anxiety and restlessness at doses higher than 10 milligrams. “Because of this, I would say that CBD is a better sleep aid for most people; however, dosing less than 10 milligrams of THC along with 20 milligrams or more of CBD could be a great combination.”
CBN, the cannabinoid into which THC transforms when exposed to heat and light, may have more sedative effects. One analysis by Steep Hill Labs found that five milligrams of CBN was as effective as a 10-milligram dose of diazepam, a member of the “benzo” family used to treat muscle spasms, seizures, and anxiety. Thus, it’s likely that consuming older cannabis will have more sedative, sleep-inducing effects than fresher flower with less CBN present.
What effect does CBD oil have on sleep disorders?
Although more studies on CBD and sleep disorders need to be conducted, Vo pointed to the U.S. National Institutes of Health’s National Library of Medicine, which returns more than 100 results for a search of CBD and sleep. The articles include studies and reviews of previous research, mostly conducted on animal models, which may overlap. A 2019 review of the use of CBD and THC for sleep indicates that cannabinoids may improve sleep quality, decrease sleep disturbances, and reduce the time it takes to fall asleep.
Cannabinoids may improve sleep quality, decrease sleep disturbances, or reduce the time it takes to fall asleep. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Many of the studies reviewing CBD, however, examined sleep as a secondary outcome in the context of another illness. Frye highlighted a 2019 study published in Frontiers in Pharmacology that investigated the use of CBD oil for children with autism spectrum disorder to treat related conditions such as sleep disturbances. “Patients with autism typically have sleep disturbances,” she explained. “The study showed that CBD improved sleep in 71.4% of patients.”
What are the other potential benefits of CBD?
As CBD interacts with the nervous, immune, and circulatory systems, it may also offer benefits for a gamut of conditions. An in-vitro study published in the European Journal of Pain suggests that CBD reduced evidence of pain and inflammation behaviors in rats, while another study published in Ingenta Connect found that CBD exhibited anti-anxiety and anti-depression effects in animal models. Too, CBD shows promise in reducing epilepsy-induced seizures and some types of muscle spasms, as shown in this in-vivo study published in The Lancet Neurology and this pilot patient study published in the International Journal of Neuroscience.
Per an in-vitro study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, there is also evidence that CBD may potentially improve heart health and, as seen in this scientific review published by CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics, may offer protective benefits for neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease.
There is some evidence that CBD may reduce anxiety and promote feelings of calm and relaxation, which could lead to better sleep in some people.
However, there is presently little clinical research on human subjects specifically investigating the effects of CBD on sleep disorders. Possibly, future studies will enhance our understanding of CBD, its mechanisms, and its role in sleep regulation.
Will CBD help you sleep? Copy article link to clipboard. Link copied to clipboard. Contents What is CBD and how does it work? How does CBD make you feel? Does CBD oil make
Does CBD Make You Feel Tired?
Posted on June 29th, 2020
Those who have ever consumed marijuana might remember waves of sleepiness and brain fog…or maybe you don’t, depending on how much you enjoyed. If that sounds familiar, it’s likely THC, (tetrahydrocannabinol) that’s to blame. You see, THC is the psychoactive component of marijuana, but it also has other properties, including the ability to induce a sedative state. Now, that was all well and good when life was one big party. But it’s not exactly feasible in our grown-up world, where we constantly have to keep up with daily activities.
Of course, some people depend on marijuana for its other effects, including the feeling of calm its use often brings. But here’s the deal: you don’t need to be sedated for your brain to perform in a healthy and happy manner, or to be able to cope with stress. You can get where you want to be with a little help from other supplements, including cannabidiol (CBD), THC’s non-psychoactive counterpart. Both compounds are cannabinoids, naturally occurring elements of the cannabis plant.
Unlike THC, CBD helps your body regulate an array of internal functions by interacting with your neurotransmitters. Because of these interactions, many CBD users report improved stress responses after using CBD.
With that being said, we all have distinct experiences with substance consumption. Some say that CBD boosts their energy, while others report a chilled out feeling. But how should you expect to feel when you use CBD, and will CBD leave you feeling tired? We hope this read will you answer those questions…and more!
But First, What Is CBD?
Before we can understand if CBD makes you tired, we need to understand what CBD is. Also referred to as cannabidiol, CBD is a naturally occurring compound. It is part of the cannabinoids family, a group of chemicals found in cannabis plants. So far, we’ve identified over 100 different cannabinoids, including CBD and THC. But CBD is very different from cannabinoids like THC: it isn’t psychoactive, meaning it does not alter your mind, or give you the infamous ‘high’ achieved by consuming weed. According to WHO, CBD does not exhibit dependence or abuse potential, and up to date, there is no evidence that pure CBD causes any health-related problems . Cannabidiol is extracted from both the leaves and stems of cannabis plants, including industrial hemp, which is just a variety of the cannabis plant bred for its low THC and high CBD concentrations. In hemp plants, CBD is the most abundant cannabinoid, accounting for about 40% of the plants’ internal cannabinoids.
How Does CBD Work?
Your body produces naturally occurring molecules known as endocannabinoids as part of your endocannabinoid system(ECS). These molecules bind to the cannabinoid receptors in your brain and body to induce the release of the chemical messengers that handle communication between your cells. The ECS plays a huge role in your body, including regulating processes like inflammation, pain response, stress, and sleep. CBD has a similar structure to the endocannabinoids your body produces and appears to interact with your cannabinoid receptors.
Now, unlike THC, CBD doesn’t bind with cannabinoid receptors. Instead, it stimulates the action of CB1 and CB2 receptors without having to bind. Because of CBD’s interaction with the ECS, scientists are studying this compound, believing it has potential medicinal properties or therapeutic applications. In fact, CBD is currently one of the most researched compounds in clinical trials.
How to Use CBD
Consuming CBD by swallowing it means that the CBD passes through your digestive system, and is metabolized by the liver, sending the active compound to your bloodstream over the course of a few hours. CBD is often ingested in capsule form, or it can be added to food and beverages like coffee and gummies.
Another common form of CBD delivery is a tincture. You consume CBD tinctures by placing a few drops of the compound under your tongue and holding it there for several seconds. This allows the active CBD to directly enter your bloodstream, completely bypassing the digestion process. When you ingest a CBD tincture, your effects will appear sooner, which might make it an ideal form of CBD if you experience feelings of anxiety before a major event or speech.
Some skin products, such as salves and lotions, can also be infused with CBD. This form of CBD is best used if you hope to directly target and alleviate localized pain and inflammation.
You can inhale CBD by adding powder or oil in E-cigs or through vaporization. Inhaled CBD enters your system through the lungs, which gives a faster effect compared to ingestion. Due to this speed, vaping was a popular way to consume CBD. However, due to the many lung injuries related to vaping, you’re urged not to vape CBD. One look at the numbers should have you convinced: last year, there were over 800 reported cases of vaping-related lung injuries.
Does CBD Make You Feel Tired or Sleepy?
The simple and straightforward answer is NO! If you ingest the product safely, using a reasonable dose and at the right time, you shouldn’t experience tiredness. So the question remains, why are people so confused as to whether or not CBD makes you tired?
One of the reasons is that research shows that cannabidiol may switch off a part of your brain that inhibits melatonin release, and that’s the hormone that helps in the early stages of sleep. During the day, your brain does not release melatonin, meaning there’s no issue with day-time CBD consumption. However, in the evening, your brain naturally prompts the body to release melatonin to prepare you for sleep after a long day. So, when you consume CBD in the evening, it is natural to feel tired, because that’s the time of day when your body should release melatonin.
Now, it’s important to remember: CBD only works the way it should when you work with a high-quality product. After all, just like a fine liquor, CBD quality plays a major role in your overall experience with the product. Want to avoid the feeling of fatigue and tiredness? Simply invest in high-quality CBD. But how do you know that you are dealing with top of the line CBD products? The best CBD comes from the highest-quality buds. And these are are some aspects which can help you recognize quality CBD buds:
- No signs of seeds on the product
- A strong fragrance
- Visible crystal hairs collections
- High CBD content
Does CBD Help You Sleep?
So, we’ve already reviewed that using CBD during the day won’t make you sleepy. So, why do so many people talk about taking CBD to help with sleep? To understand the connection between CBD and sleep, you have to truly understand how your sleep cycle works. Throughout the night, your body goes through varying stages of sleep, such as rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and non-rapid eye movement or NREM.
CBD is linked to improved sleep quality because it may help effectively target anxiety and stress, two of the most common culprits causing insomnia and poor sleeping habits. Ideally, when you use CBD and reduce stress, your body follows the natural sleeping rhythm, and in turn, you experience quality, restful sleep.
As mentioned before, if you consume CBD several hours before bedtime, you will get the best results. Not only will your body release melatonin, but the CBD may also have a calming effect on your body, helping rid you of restless night thoughts that may keep you awake.
Does Hemp Seed Oil Make You Sleepy?
Hemp seed oil may come from the cannabis plant, which is in the same family as marijuana, but it has an entirely different function. Marijuana is rich in THC, but hempseed contains higher levels of vitamins and proteins, with minimal THC and CBD. (CBD is sourced from the hemp plant’s flowers, where most cannabinoids are found.) And, no, it won’t make you sleepy. Nor will it deliver any other suggested effects of THC or CBD.
Unfortunately, many manufacturers use the terms hemp oil interchangeably with CBD oil. But they are not the same product, and won’t deliver similar results. So be sure to check your labels carefully for actual CBD content before purchasing any product labeled
If you are just getting into CBD, avoid the labels, and pay attention to the ingredients.
So, Why Did CBD Make Me Tired?
As we’ve hinted throughout this article, your CBD experience all boils down to the quality of the product, and the time when you consume it. If you’re hoping to improve your sleep with CBD we recommend taking your dose in the evening. But if your CBD goals aren’t related to sleep, a day time dose may deliver greater satisfaction.
Some say that CBD boosts their energy, while others report feeling relaxed. How should you expect to feel when you use CBD, and will it leave you tired?