Why Grow Regular Cannabis Seeds?
Discover the world of regular cannabis seeds.
- 1. What is regular cannabis
- 2. Benefits of regular cannabis seeds
- 2.a Breeding
- 2.b Mother plants & clones
- 3. How to grow regular cannabis seeds
- 4. Breeding: Create your own strains
- 1. What is regular cannabis
- 2. Benefits of regular cannabis seeds
- 2.a Breeding
- 2.b Mother plants & clones
- 3. How to grow regular cannabis seeds
- 4. Breeding: Create your own strains
Regular cannabis seeds operate exactly how nature intended. They have a 50% chance of emerging as either male or female. As such, they allow breeders to create new cultivars and produce better-quality clones.
Use this guide to learn everything you need to know about regular cannabis seeds.
WHAT IS REGULAR CANNABIS?
Regular cannabis seeds are free from human tampering. Every time you germinate them, you’re taking a gamble. There’s an even chance that they’ll grow up to be flowering females or pollen-producing males.
If they produce fewer THC-rich flowers, what’s the point of growing regular seeds? Well, males are extremely valuable when it comes to breeding. Plus, regular strains provide superior clones.
Cannabis is a dioecious species, meaning it produces separate male and female plants. Because female cannabis plants grow the best bud, this led to the creation and popularisation of feminized seeds—strains engineered to produce females 99.99% of the time.
BENEFITS OF REGULAR CANNABIS SEEDS
Feminized seeds are ideal for growers looking exclusively for buds, but regular seeds have their own list of benefits. Chiefly, they’re paramount in the creation of novel strains. Regular seeds also tend to produce more vigorous plants. These specimens are hardier, can tolerate stress well, and produce cuttings that exhibit explosive growth and awesome yields.
Discover more on the benefits of regular seeds below.
Without regular cannabis seeds, there is no breeding! It’s as simple as that. Pick your favourite male and female specimens, and cross them to create offspring that display the best traits of each.
Whether you’re after extreme potency, a certain flavour profile, or specific colours, you need regular seeds to make your vision come alive.
MOTHER PLANTS & CLONES
Regular cannabis plants provide strong and healthy clones capable of rooting well and growing fast.
Cloning enables growers to make an exact genetic copy of a specific plant. If you like the morphology or colour of a certain specimen, you can duplicate it through cloning.
Rooting cuttings will also allow you to produce more plants in a shorter time frame. You’ll skip the germination phase and have a tray of young vegging plants ready to go.
Regular cannabis plants are more suitable for cloning than their feminized counterparts. These clones will be much more stable, possess stronger genetics, and are less likely to become hermaphrodites.
Feminized seeds are only fit for a single harvest, and their genetics have the tendency to become unstable when cloned.
HOW TO GROW REGULAR CANNABIS SEEDS
The process of growing regular seeds is almost identical to growing feminized ones. There are just a few precautions to be aware of.
There are several ways to germinate your seeds. You can plant them directly in the soil, or wrap them in damp kitchen towel for a couple of days. Alternatively, use the Easy Start Kit to boost germination rates. The kit contains a tray with individual compartments for each seed and beneficial bacteria to encourage germination.
The entire germination process takes between 1–4 days. During this time, seeds require a relative humidity level of around 80%. The Easy Start Kit or a moist paper towel will easily achieve that.
Your seeds also need to be kept warm. Aim for a room temperature of approximately 26°C.
Indoors or outdoors?
You’ll also need to decide whether you want to cultivate your plants indoors or outdoors. There are pros and cons to both environments.
Growing indoors gives cultivators much more control over the grow space. You’ll be able to control light schedules at the click of a button and monitor watering to the nearest drop. Temperature and humidity can be modified using fans, heaters, and humidifiers.
The main limitation of growing indoors is space. You can get away with growing medium-sized indica strains, but towering sativas will be out of the question for most people.
Growing outdoors leaves your plants exposed to the elements. They’ll have the chance to soak up the sun, but you can’t control heat waves, storms, floods, and droughts.
Outdoor plants are also more susceptible to pests and fungal diseases.
However, space isn’t usually an issue outdoors. Growers can cultivate tall and productive plants that provide bigger yields.
After your seedlings have gained some size, you’ll need to transplant them into a bigger pot. It’s important to give them enough space to expand their roots, but placing them straight into a large pot can be detrimental. It’s better to slowly increase the size of the pot as your plant grows to avoid conditions such as root rot.
RQS Fabric Pots are ideal for the entire growing cycle. These environmentally friendly pots retain moisture while allowing roots to breathe properly. The pots are available in 11, 15, 19, and 25l sizes. Up-pot your plants to the next size as they continue to grow. RQS Fabric Pots are suitable for both indoor and outdoor use.
At RQS, we recommend growing organically. Studies have confirmed the harmful effects of pesticides and herbicides, and holistic methods render synthetic nutrients unnecessary.
You’re not just feeding your plants when you add food to the soil; you’re feeding the vital organisms that make up the soil food web. These critters form mutually beneficial relationships with cannabis plants.
You can boost the number of these useful microorganisms by making your own compost tea. This nutrient-dense liquid encourages the growth of beneficial fungi and bacteria while helping to deter pathogens.
Compost tea isn’t the only plant-nourishing formula you can make at home. Try making your own super soil that delivers everything your plants need on command.
It’s also critical to learn how to water your plant properly. Too much water can cause root rot, and too little can result in nutrient uptake issues.
Many beginner growers tend to overwater their plants by caring a bit too much! Start out low and gradually increase the amount of water you give as your plants grow.
The amount of water you give will also depend on the size of your container. Use these figures to administer the right amount of water for your pot size:
- 1l pot = 0.25l water
- 4l pot = 1l water
- 12l pot = 3l water
- 30l pot = 7.5l water
It’s a good idea to weigh your pots before you water them. If possible, place them on a scale. Every time you water them, the soil will retain water, and each pot will become significantly heavier.
You’ll know it’s time to water again when the pots are closer to their original weight.
You can also tell when it’s time to water again by feeling the soil. A general rule of thumb is to wait for the top inch of soil to dry out before watering your plants again.
Outdoor plants are more susceptible to overwatering during rainy weather. Place them inside a greenhouse or under a temporary shelter to prevent root rot from taking hold.
Ventilation is an important factor for both indoor and outdoor plants. Stagnant air can promote the growth of mould, which can ruin your hard work. Instal fans if you’re growing indoors, and place outdoor plants in a breezy area of your garden.
Temperature & humidity
Temperature and humidity are important variables in preventing mould and optimising yield. These factors can be controlled indoors by using humidifiers, dehumidifiers, heaters, and air conditioning.
The first signs of flowers or pollen sacs emerge at the nodes—the points at which the branches meet the main stem. Female flowers will emerge as tiny buds with small white hairs, while pollen sacs are round, hairless pods.
It’s possible to tell them apart before plants are mature enough to reproduce. Plants will start to reveal their sex at the tail-end of the vegetative phase.
It’s important to identify males and females as early as possible. Doing so will enable you to separate them well before the air becomes rife with pollen.
Dedicate a separate room or grow tent to male plants. Once they’re mature, you can collect their pollen for future breeding projects. Alternatively, you can place them in a dedicated breeding tent with a female to produce seeds naturally.
BREEDING: CREATE YOUR OWN STRAINS
By growing regular cannabis seeds, it’s possible to breed your own strains at home. You can cross two strains to combine their best traits into a single plant. For example, try breeding a regular male with an autoflowering female to create a strain that flowers much faster.
Maybe there are times when you find it hard to choose between indica and sativa strains? Try breeding an indica-dominant strain with a sativa-dominant variety to create a perfectly balanced cultivar.
You can also play around with terpene profiles. Some strains are exceptionally fruity, whereas others are more earthy. Why not blend opposing terpene profiles to see what you come up with?
Likewise, cross a regular male with a high-THC or high-CBD strain to boost cannabinoid levels.
Once you’ve grown out the males and females you want to breed, it’s time to make the cross. Use these simple steps to do so.
STEP 1: CHOOSE A MALE AND COLLECT POLLEN
First thing’s first, you need to choose a prime male specimen. Select a male that displays the traits you want to pass down to the progeny.
If you want a tall plant, choose the tallest male you have at your disposal. Maybe you want a generation of productive males? If so, choose the plant with the most pollen sacs.
Enter the male grow space with a plastic bag and place the bag over a branch that contains mature pollen sacs. Shake your plant to release pollen into the bag.
STEP 2: FERTILISE YOUR FEMALES
If possible, change your clothes before entering the female grow space. Any lingering pollen could accidentally fertilise unselected plants.
Select the females you want to fertilise. Dab the pollen with the end of a paintbrush and gently stroke the flowers you want to fertilise.
Fertilise the flowers on one or two branches on each plant. Label these branches, and leave the other flowers to develop into smokable bud.
STEP 3: SPRAY DOWN YOUR PLANTS
Allow the pollen to work its magic for three hours. The fertilised flowers will now begin the process of forming seeds. Gently spray down the fertilised buds with water to remove excess pollen.
STEP 4: HARVEST YOUR SEEDS
The fertilised flowers will produce seeds within 2–6 weeks. When mature, dry your flowers and store them for one month. After this time, your seeds will be ready for germination. Let the experiments continue! Grow out your strain, have a smoke, and become familiar with it.
Repeat the process again with your favourite specimens to tease out the desired traits. You’re no longer limited to strains you find in seedbank archives.
You can literally create the strain of your dreams with some experimentation. Find specimens that produce your favourite terpenes, a high that you love, and flowers you find beautiful.
With each subsequent generation, you’ll be one step closer to creating your very own masterpiece!
Regular vs Feminized vs Autoflowering vs CBD Learn the difference between cannabis seed types.
Regular cannabis seeds have a 50% chance of becoming male or female. Use them to breed your own strains and create healthy clones. Here's how to do it.
A s you may know, the legalization of medical and recreational marijuana across several states has enabled many consumers to become accustomed to purchasing cannabis from a dispensary. Even more intriguing though is the opportunity that legalization has created for adults and medical patients to cultivate cannabis in their own homes.
While the laws, limitations and regulations are different for each state, almost every state with some form of legalized marijuana does allow home cultivation to some extent. Even though it’s completely legal, some people do not take advantage of their right to grow cannabis due to the perception that it is too difficult, expensive or time-consuming.
Interesed in growing? Click here to purchase your own seeds and start growing today!
Don’t let the lack of ambition from others discourage you though. If done correctly, growing cannabis at home can be fun, simple and cost-effective! We believe everyone should have access to their own clean cannabis. That’s why we decided to bring you a comprehensive guide to growing marijuana, created specifically with beginner growers in mind.
With essential grow knowledge, you’ll learn the benefits and tips of different grow methods, how to maximize plant yields and grow times, the best harvesting, drying, curing methods and much more! Who’s ready to start their cannabis growing journey?
Part 1 – Understanding Marijuana Grow Mediums
Deep Water Culture Hydroponics
Before starting your cannabis grow, you must decide if you want an indoor growing system or an outdoor growing system. When it comes to indoor growing mediums, DWC, or deep water culture, is a type of hydroponic growing method where each plant’s roots are growing in a tub of water.
One of the main benefits of a DWC system is that it promotes faster growth. Unlike growing cannabis in soil, roots grown in DWC don’t need to expend energy to search for what the plant needs; nutrients are easily accessible by the roots.
Plants have an unlimited supply of oxygen because of added oxygen from the air stone in the reservoir. Since the plant is spending less energy finding what it needs to grow, it channels that energy to plant growth. In addition, with proper guidance and a quality set up, DWC takes less time to maintain than an average grow.
When implementing a DWC system, a bubbler bucket reservoir system is recommended.
A bubbler bucket reservoir is a simple system that suspends the plant’s roots in a highly oxygenated nutrient solution. The roots are submerged in the nutrient-water solution in the bucket and are then replenished, as needed.
The most important growing tip is to check on your cannabis plants daily. As with many processes, the easiest way to fix a problem is in the beginning stages! If something is wrong with your plant in a DWC system, your first step in remedying your plant should always be to change out the reservoir. It is common for root rot to occur when roots are consistently in water, therefore, it is imperative to establish a preventative routine of changing out the reservoir every seven days. Adding beneficial bacteria to the reservoir is also effective in avoiding and combating root rot.
When growing from seeds in DWC, use each reservoir port (or net cup) to vegetate, then pick the strongest looking females to continue growing.
Keeping air and water temperatures under control are also very important measures to take. Air temperature should be 75-85°F when the lights are on and will drop by 10 degrees when the lights are off. Water temperature should remain at a constant temperature at all times. Your empty portholes can be used to change out the reservoir water by using a pump, allowing you to easily inspect what’s going on inside.
A common mistake to avoid when growing with DWC is not checking the pH levels of the water. This is important for any grow! Dirty reservoirs or not using an aerator 24/7 are two additional crucial mistakes, as roots must have excessive oxygen so they don’t drown. While some people like to maintain a completely sterile reservoir with just nutrients and water and no traces of anything alive, there are some good sources of beneficial bacteria that can be added. Bad bacteria is obviously, bad, but we wanted to emphasize the possibility of bacteria that can benefit your grow. To avoid potentially harmful bacteria, be proactive about changing the reservoir water.
In addition, having too many plants in one reservoir can lead to problems such as white powdery mildew. Don’t cramp your plants, instead, we recommend growing one plant per reservoir to allow the roots to spread out and give the leaves and buds more space.
Setting up a water transfer pump for this task can speed up the process. For best results, learn how to flush your cannabis plants.
Flushing your plants by removing any nutrients and salts improves the quality and taste of your final product. By simply draining your bubbler bucket reservoir and adding plain (pH neutral) water for two-three days before harvest, the plant will use all its existing nutrients contained in the stems, leaves and buds.
Growing Cannabis with Coco Coir
Coco coir is another great growing method, especially for beginners. It provides the ease of soil gardening with the rapid growth of hydroponics by using fibrous coconut husks instead of a potting mix. Compared to just soil growing, it absorbs moisture much easier, allowing plants to take up more nutrients and retain oxygen more efficiently because of its lighter texture. It also provides a forgiving buffer by reducing shock stress when human errors are made, such as adding too many nutrients, a common mistake.
Coco is much easier to flush than DWC because you aren’t changing an entire water reservoir. In fact, watering coco coir is very versatile. You can use a flood and drain hydroponic system, which is when the nutrient system temporarily floods from beneath the plant, controlled by a pump and timer, instead of dripping from above like most hydroponic systems. You can also use the most recognized top water to waste system, which is simply taking a water pail and watering your plant until water comes out of the bottom of the pot.
When growing cannabis with coco, good quality coco coir makes an immense difference, especially regarding root development. For beginner growers, a three-to-one coco to perlite mixture is recommended as it requires less watering frequency and holds moisture and nutrients better.
For more experienced growers, a one-to-one coco to perlite ratio is recommended as you are able to water more frequently, giving the plant more nutrient uptake and allowing more aggressive root growth.
With coco, water around the outside of the pot in early stages of growth to encourage roots to reach out and fill up the entire container.
Some common mistakes can occur when growing with coco if a grower allows the coco to get too dry, as the mixture dries quickly. Not checking the pH of the nutrient-water solution and not flushing on a consistent basis are also critical errors, as you are using more nutrients with coco and the excess residual nutrients can cause common nutrient deficiency symptoms.
It’s also very important to use Cal-Mag, or Calcium and Magnesium, in your coco growing medium. Calcium plays a direct role in a plant’s root development, nutrient uptake and protein synthesis. Magnesium is an essential part of chlorophyll production, helping your plants with photosynthesis, as well as aiding in the synthesis of sugars and proteins. Together, the correct amount of magnesium and calcium will help keep your cannabis plant healthy.
Outdoor soil growing is a common gardening technique that most people with house plants or vegetable gardens are familiar with. Using techniques such as top-fed watering, deep irrigation or wicks are all viable methods to water your plants. You can either use organic, composted soil, or store-bought soil with added liquid nutrients.
To make organic soil, you need a mixture of biolive, alfalfa meal, oyster shell for calcium, blood meal and bone meal, humic acid to keep the roots clean, and kelp. With store bought soil, use organic nutrients and start adding them about three weeks into the vegetative stage. With synthetic nutrients, you must flush them out regularly. Flood the soil with as much fresh water as it can withstand and leave it for a few minutes to allow the nutrients to be picked up, then flood it again to get the nutrients away from the plant.
Always remember, less is more with non-organic nutrients. If you are adding nutrients, a good rule-of-thumb is to add them about once a week.
A benefit to outdoor soil growing is that if you have a good base-soil built up, it’s not necessary to add nutrients throughout the plant’s life cycle. That means less work for you! It is also likely that the smell and flavor profiles of your buds will increase as well.
A common mistake when growing outdoors is overwatering. Wait to water your plants until the first three inches or so, or about knuckle depth, of soil is dry. You can gauge your soil by pulling the container it is in slightly outwards. Not checking the pH after mixing nutrients, or using nutrients too frequently are also common mistakes that you’ll want to avoid.
Don’t use miracle grow or other similar slow release soils. Your plants will not get the correct amount of nitrogen needed during vegetation and they will receive too much nitrogen during flowering.
Part 2: Learning Cannabis Grow and Plant Maintenance Techniques
Growers have recorded a plethora of marijuana growing techniques over the years to ensure you make the most of your crop. If you want to maximize yield and maximize the amount of light your cannabis plant receives, it is important to practice bending and securing parts of the plant, or removing parts of the plant altogether. While there are many different methods, it is important to note which ones will be the most sustainable for your growing medium.
Bending & Securing Your Cannabis Plants
Screen of Green (ScrOG)
One technique for bending and securing parts of marijuana plants is ScrOG, or Screen of Green. ScrOG is perfect for an indoor grower who is only growing a small number of plants. In places like Colorado, for example, this method is ideal as the legal growing limit is three flowering plants at a time.
ScrOG is designed to optimize the energy from a light by creating an even canopy space where bottom growth of the plant is forced upward to form a flat canopy. By spreading out the canopy and growing the plant horizontally until a few weeks into the flowering stage, more main cola budding sites will take place. The canopy of one plant can be grown as large as a four-foot canopy.
New to growing cannabis? Don’t worry, our beginner’s guide to growing marijuana will help you through the process. From seed to harvest, we have you covered with tips, tricks and step-by-step procedures.