The CBD concentration of a product is sometimes mistaken by new buyers for the dosage of a CBD product, but they are completely different things. The concentration of CBD in a given product is the overall strength of the CBD, which is to say it refers to the overall amount of CBD by product weight. CBD is measured in milligrams (mg), so the concentration of CBD in a product will always be quantified in mg, even when the product itself uses a different measuring unit, such as milliliters (mL) or fluid ounces (fl. The dosage of a CBD product is the recommended amount that should be taken at a given time within a certain time frame, often a 24-hour period. So, for example, say you’re looking to buy a CBD oral tincture product from a reputable online CBD retailer, and this particular CBD oral tincture contains a total of 30 milliliters (mL) of liquid and it has a concentration of 500 mg with a manufacturer’s recommended dosage of 1 mL every six hours, we would have all of the information needed up front to determine exactly how much CBD you will be introducing into your system at a given time, even before you buy a new CBD product: it’s concentration and dosage.
The concentration of this product — as we’ve determined in this example — is 500 mg; this means that in the entire bottle (30 mL of liquid for this example product), there is a grand total of 500 mg of CBD. For this exercise, we will say that this particular product has a manufacturer’s recommended dosage of 1 mL per every six hours, so we can determine that each recommended serving of 1 mL of oral tincture will contain approximately 16.6 mg of CBD out of the total of 500 mg (500 mg concentration in total ÷ 30 mL of total product size ÷ 1 mL serving size means that there is 16.6 mg of CBD per serving.) All reputable CBD retailers and manufacturers will provide you with the concentration, total product weight, and their recommended dosage guidelines, as is required by Federal law. By knowing the difference between concentration and dosage, with the manufacturer’s provided information, you will be able to quickly and easily determine how much CBD you will be taking per recommended dosage, even if you’re not provided with this exact information upfront. Determining the concentration of a given product is generally very easy, as most products will have the concentration listed directly on the product, but determining your dosage is a little more complicated. Often, manufacturers will give you a recommended dosage to follow, but these dosage suggestions are sometimes given in a range, or the dosage for a product might be higher or lower for you specifically, due to a few different factors. These factors are: Your Body Weight: your body weight can play a role in determining what dosage would be best for you. As with any supplements, medications, or other foreign substances you introduce into your body (such as food, alcohol, etc.), your overall body weight has some deterministic factors in how quickly you will absorb and start to break down the product; Your Desired Effects: what your exact desired effects from the CBD product will also play a role in determining what your dosage amount should be.
This is due to the fact that if you just want to have a better overall mood, you will theoretically probably need to take less mg of CBD per dose as opposed to someone that is using a CBD product as a supplementary health product to mitigate mild-to-severe pain management; Your Overall Tolerance Levels: everybody’s body is unique, and they will have varying levels of tolerance to CBD. The tolerance threshold for CBD might increase after prolonged chronic use of CBD, but it’s not a guaranteed occurrence. Similarly, it’s not guaranteed that you won’t have a higher tolerance threshold to the effects of CBD even as a new user. Because of the different factors that go into finding a dose of a particular CBD product, we recommend that you always start at a slightly lower dose than the manufacturer’s recommended dose any time that you are trying a new CBD product (even if you’re a regular user of CBD products, any time you start using a new CBD product, it could affect you slightly different than previously used CBD products for a variety of different reasons that we will cover later in this guide), and slowly increase the dose amount over time until you find a dose that provides you with your desired effects. Taking higher-than-needed doses is not recommended, as it’s providing you with diminishing returns for a higher cost and it could potentially cause your tolerance levels of CBD to increase, mitigating at lower dosing levels the positive benefits that CBD can provide you. For helping to determine what dosage size might be the best for you to start out at, we recommend using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Adult Body Mass Index (BMI) calculator and comparing your current BMI against what the CDC considers is the average healthy adult BMI in the United States (which is in a range from BMIs of 18.5 to BMIs of 24.9) and basing any recommended manufacturer’s dosing instructions from the mindset that they are meant for adults that fall somewhere in this range of “Normal” BMIs, and adjusting your starting dosage with that in mind; so taking a significantly lower dose if you fall in the “Underweight” BMI range or taking a slightly lower dose if you fall into the “Overweight” or “Obese” BMI categories. As a quick key to cross-reference with your particular CBD product’s recommended dosage, the following information can be helpful for those that are already fairly familiar with how well their body handles various CBD products: Weight Group – 130 pounds or less: For Mild Effects: it is generally recommended to use a dosage with a CBD concentration of no more than 11 mg per dosing period; For Moderate Effects: it is generally recommended to use a dosage with a CBD concentration of 12 mg to 14 mg per dosing period; For Strong Effects: it is generally recommended to use a dosage with a CBD concentration of 15 mg to 17 mg per dosing period. Weight Group – 130 to 230 pounds: For Mild Effects: it is generally recommended to use a dosage with a CBD concentration of no more than 18 mg per dosing period; For Moderate Effects: it is generally recommended to use a dosage with a CBD concentration of 19 mg to 23 mg per dosing period; For Strong Effects: it is generally recommended to use a dosage with a CBD concentration of 24 mg to 27 mg per dosing period. Weight Group – more than 230 pounds: For Mild Effects: it is generally recommended to use a dosage with a CBD concentration of no more than 23 mg per dosing period; For Moderate Effects: it is generally recommended to use a dosage with a CBD concentration of 24 mg to 30 mg per dosing period; For Strong Effects: it is generally recommended to use a dosage with a CBD concentration of 31 mg to 45 mg per dosing period. CBD can be extracted from its source in a variety of different methods, each with their own specific pros and cons; some of which will overlap with over-extraction methods. Determining what extraction method you would prefer your CBD product to have used in its manufacturing process depends on a couple of different factors, such as whether you desire the product to have a lower starting price point per milligram of CBD or the overall potency of the CBD product, as some examples. Following are the common extraction methods that are currently used in the manufacturing process of CBD products, and after the short descriptions that we will provide for each, we will cover the various pros and cons when it comes to how CBD is extracted from its source material. Ethanol Extraction: also known as “Alcohol Extraction,” this extraction process is the oldest known extraction process for separating the CBD oils from its natural sources. CBD can be removed from the industrial hemp plant or the cannabis plant by soaking the flower in either ethanol or high proof alcohol; CO2 Extraction: uses liquid CO2 and is a clean and efficient way to remove CBD from the industrial hemp flower or the cannabis flower. Because of its overall efficacy and the purity of the end product, it is quickly becoming an industry standard. There are three types of this process, which are known as supercritical, subcritical and mid-critical; Water Extraction: a few manufacturers use water, water vapor, or ice in a complicated extraction process to remove the CBD from its source. This extraction process is by-and-far the least common extraction method used in the manufacturing of CBD products; Carrier Oil Extraction: for this extraction method, an oil — most commonly olive (but sometimes also coconut oil, hemp seed oil, or some other organic oil) depending on the manufacturer’s preference — is used in this method as a “carrier oil” to envelope the CBD. Next, the plant material is added to the carrier oil and heated again for several hours. This draws the cannabinoids out of the plant and into the carrier oil, allowing for further manufacturing; “The Rick Simpson Method” Extraction: this extraction method was named after the man who first started using this particular process for the extraction of CBD oils from their source. This is the absolute cheapest and most straightforward method of extraction for the manufacturer; however, this is also highly regarded as being the worst possible means of isolating CBD. A hydrocarbon (such as butane, pentane, propane, hexane, or acetone) is used in this process, and the industrial hemp or cannabis plant material is fully submerged in the solvent. As the plant material is steeped for a period of time in this toxic tea, the compounds are harshly stripped from the plant material and are left in a liquid form which can be used in the manufacturing of the end product. Overall, CO2 extraction is generally regarded as the best-of-the-best when it comes to CBD extraction, as it is the cleanest extraction method that is generally regarded as being the extraction process that keeps the most Phytocannabinoids intact at higher concentrations, which many regard as being the best way to achieve what is known as the “Entourage Effect”, which is defined in the Glossary section. This is, of course, not to say that water extraction methods or ethanol extraction methods are not worth your time. While water extraction methods are still a little unclear when it comes to the benefits versus drawbacks that they might have in comparison to the two more common extraction methods, the benefits of ethanol extraction are very well known and documented.
Ethanol extracted CBD is still a highly efficacious health, beauty, and dietary supplement product because it is only losing out on a little of the overall amount of the various naturally occurring Phytocannabinoids and terpenes (which are defined in the Glossar section), and does not affect their quality.
Ethanol extracted CBD products main appeal is the fact that it generally has a lower price point per mg of CBD, without sacrificing much of the efficacy and without sacrificing any of the purity or safety of the end product. The two extraction methods used in the manufacturing process of CBD products that we would recommend to our readers the least is the carrier oil extraction method and “The Rick Simpson Method” for extracting CBD.