CBD can be found in different varieties of the cannabis plant, including hemp. All phytocannabinoids are regulated under the new Cannabis Act . CBD is a controlled substance under United Nations drug control conventions. Consistent with the controlled status of CBD internationally, CBD is a controlled substance in Canada and other jurisdictions.
As a result, CBD and products containing CBD are subject to all of the rules and requirements that apply to cannabis under the Cannabis Act and its regulations. This includes CBD derived from industrial hemp plants, as well as CBD derived from other varieties of cannabis. Under the Cannabis Act activities with phytocannabinoids (including CBD) remain illegal, unless authorized. Before the Cannabis Act came into force, CBD was: regulated under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act strictly controlled. It was not legal to produce, sell, import or export CBD unless authorized for medical or scientific purposes. Under the Cannabis Act, CBD products remain strictly regulated and are only legal when sold in compliance with the Act and its regulations.
The Act and accompanying regulations place strict controls on cannabis: Health Canada oversees the production of cannabis products. Health Canada is also responsible for overseeing the distribution and sale of: cannabis, including any CBD-containing cannabis products for medical purposes. The provinces and territories are responsible for determining how cannabis is distributed and sold within their jurisdictions. They set rules around: how cannabis products can be sold where stores may be located how stores must be operated. Growing cannabis plants containing CBD for commercial sale. To cultivate any cannabis plants that you intend to sell, you must have a federal licence issued under the Cannabis Act . This licence could be: a cultivation licence under the Cannabis Regulations authorizing growing of cannabis plants with varying amounts of THC and CBD an industrial hemp licence under the Industrial Hemp Regulations authorizing cultivation of specific varieties of cannabis plants with a THC content of no more than 0.3% in the flowering heads, branches and leaves. CBD and products containing CBD are subject to all of the rules and requirements that apply to cannabis under the Cannabis Act and its regulations. You must have a processing licence to manufacture products containing CBD for sale, no matter what the source of the CBD is. CBD and products containing CBD, such as cannabis oil, may only be sold by a: provincially or territorially-authorized cannabis retailer federally-licensed seller of cannabis for medical purposes. Movement of cannabis and cannabis products between countries is covered by 3 United Nations drug conventions, including the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 as amended by the 1972 Protocol. CBD is currently a controlled substance under the Single Convention. CBD products may therefore only be imported or exported under very specific conditions. Any import or export must meet all of these criteria and may only be done: by a holder of a licence issued under the Cannabis Regulation s under an import or export permit issued to the licence holder by Health Canada for that shipment for a legitimate scientific or medical purpose, as per international agreements. Industrial hemp is cannabis that contains 0.3% THC or less in the flowering heads and leaves. The Industrial Hemp Regulations under the Cannabis Act set out the requirements for cultivators of industrial hemp. As is currently the case, cultivators of industrial hemp must grow from the hemp varieties approved for commercial cultivation. Although it may not have more than 0.3% THC, there is no limit to the amount of CBD that may be contained in industrial hemp plants. The Cannabis Act and its regulations do not distinguish between CBD derived from industrial hemp and CBD derived from cannabis with greater than 0.3% THC. What industrial hemp licence holders may and may not do. An industrial hemp licence holder may cultivate hemp to produce a number of different products. non-viable seeds) or hemp seed derivatives for use in: food cosmetics other products cultivate hemp for the flowering heads, branches and leaves, which may contain CBD sell those flowering heads, branches and leaves to a licence holder under the Cannabis Regulations , who may then extract the CBD. Hemp producers may not extract the CBD themselves, unless they also have a cannabis processing or research licence. The Industrial Hemp Regulations authorize importing and exporting industrial hemp seed or grain, but not the flowering heads, branches or leaves.
The flowering heads, branches and leaves may only be imported or exported by a licence holder under the Cannabis Regulations : with a permit issued under those regulations for legitimate medical and scientific purposes. To import or export the industrial hemp seeds or grain, you must: hold a licence from Health Canada have an import or export permit issued by Health Canada. When importing or exporting industrial hemp seeds or grain, you may also need to obtain an import or export permit from the other country, depending on their rules. The difference between cannabis oil and hemp-seed oil. Cannabis oil is 1 of the 5 classes of cannabis that may currently be legally sold in Canada by provincially and territorially-authorized retailers: cannabis oil fresh cannabis dried cannabis cannabis seeds cannabis plants. Cannabis oil is a combination of: cannabis: usually in the form of a THC and/or CBD-rich extract from the leaves and flowering heads of the cannabis plant, which may include plants classified as industrial hemp a vegetable-based or plant-based oil such as: olive canola grape seed hemp-seed oil. Hemp-seed oil is oil made from pressing the grain of hemp plants. It is processed like other oil seeds, such as canola. In order for hemp-seed oil to be exempt from the Cannabis Act , it can’t contain more than 10 parts per million of THC. For hemp-seed oil to be exempted from the Cannabis Act , no phytocannabinoid including THC and CBD may be added or concentrated by processing.
Hemp-seed oil is marketed in Canada in: food cosmetics natural health products veterinary health products. All phytocannabinoids, with several exceptions, are listed on the Prescription Drug List. If you wish to manufacture and sell a health product containing CBD that makes a health claim, you require approval for the product as a prescription drug under the Food and Drug Regulations . CBD in natural health products, veterinary health products and cosmetics.