According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, SCC is the second well-known form of skin cancer. There are around 700,000 people in the United States that are diagnosed with this type of skin cancer each year. People with SCC often develop scaly, red patches, open sores, or warts on their skin.
These abnormal growths can develop anywhere, but they’re most often found in areas that receive the most exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, either from sunlight or from tanning beds or lamps. The condition usually isn’t life-threatening, but it can become dangerous if it goes untreated. When treatment isn’t received promptly, the growths can increase in size and spread to other parts of your body, causing serious complications. Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare kind of skin cancer that regularly appears as a flesh-colored or bluish-red nodule, sometimes on your face, head, or neck. Merkel cell carcinoma is also known as neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. Merkel cell carcinoma most frequently develops in older folks. Long-term sun exposure or a weak immune system could increase your risk of developing Merkel cell carcinoma.
Merkel cell carcinoma tends to grow quickly and can spread fast to other parts of your body. Treatment possibilities for Merkel cell carcinoma sometimes vary on whether cancer has spread beyond the skin. The first sign of Merkel cell carcinoma is normally a fast-growing, painless nodule (tumor) on the skin. The nodule could be skin-colored or might appear in colors of red, blue, or purple. Most Merkel cell carcinomas spread on the face, head, or neck, but they can originate anywhere on the body, even on areas not exposed to sunlight. There are several factors that can make you more likely to develop melanoma, which includes: Getting sunburned regularly, specifically, if the sunburn was severe enough to cause your skin to blister Living in areas with excessive sunlight, like Florida, Hawaii, or Australia Using tanning beds Having fairer skin The family has a history of melanoma Having a large number of moles on your body. However, it’s the most dangerous sort of skin cancer. In fact, melanoma makes up only 1% of skin cancers, but it causes the majority of skin cancer-related deaths annually. Melanoma forms in the melanocytes, the skin cells that make pigment. As you age, you will begin to see rough, scaly spots spreading on your hands, arms, or face. These spots are known as actinic keratoses, however, they’re commonly called as sunspots or age spots. Actinic keratosis usually develops in areas that have been damaged by years of sun exposure. They form once you have actinic keratosis (AK), which is a very usual skin condition. AK happens once skin cells called keratinocytes begin to grow abnormally, forming scaly, discolored spots. The skin patches are often any of these colors: brown, tan, gray, pink. They tend to appear on the parts of the body that get the most sun exposure, including the following: Actinic keratoses aren’t cancerous themselves. However, they can progress to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), though the likelihood is low. When they’re left untreated, up to 10 percent of actinic keratoses can progress to SCC. Due to this risk, the spots should be regularly monitored by your doctor or dermatologist. Here are some pictures of SCC and what changes to look out for. Once your doctor identifies skin cancer or an area of your skin that may show signs of precancerous masses then they will want to begin treatment. Usually what will be done first is to remove the skin masses that are presenting itself as the problem. If you’ve been diagnosed with skin cancer, you’re likely facing decisions that can be overwhelming or hard to understand. Be sure to speak with your medical team in detail about your diagnosis and treatment options, and ask for clarification on anything you are uncertain about. To help you navigate this complex landscape, our skin cancer treatment pages provide physician-reviewed information about your options. Because the types of treatments vary widely and are specific to the type of condition you have, review the treatment page that matches your diagnosis: Actinic Keratosis Treatment.
Your treatment options depend on how many lesions you have, where they are, your age, and overall health. Options include: Surgical procedures Topical treatments Photodynamic therapy Combination therapy. If you’ve been diagnosed with a small or early BCC, a number of effective treatments can usually be performed on an outpatient basis, using a local anesthetic with minimal pain. Afterward, most wounds can heal naturally, leaving minimal scarring. Curettage and electrodesiccation (electrosurgery) Mohs surgery Excisional surgery Radiation therapy Photodynamic therapy Cryosurgery Laser surgery Topical medications Oral medications for advanced BCC. If you’ve been diagnosed, your treatment choices depend on the stage of the disease, the location of the tumor, and your overall health.
Options include: Surgical removal of the melanoma Immunotherapy Targeted therapy Chemotherapy Radiation. While treatment options for MCC depend on the stage of the disease and the overall health of the patient, treatment includes surgical removal of the primary tumor along with: Squamous Cell Carcinoma Treatment.