Hemp is now considered an agricultural commodity under the 2018 Farm Bill, but it must be produced and sold under regulations that implement the bill. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has yet to create these regulations. The Farm Bill also endowed the FDA with the ability to regulate CBD's labeling, therapeutic claims, and presence in foods or drinks. Despite the Farm Bill's passage, the FDA has issued a directive that no CBD, not even hemp-derived, may be added to food or beverages or marketed as a dietary supplement. As time passes, the FDA has begun re-evaluating that stance on CBD products but has yet to revise rules or specifically regulate CBD products.
The FDA's slow movement has created further confusion on the state level. The FDA has historically been strict when it comes to health claims or content that could be understood as medical advice — and makes no exception for CBD. Hemp production and sale, including its cannabinoids and CBD specifically, remain tightly regulated federally. The Farm Bill provides that individual states may also regulate and even prohibit CBD cultivation and commerce. States may attempt to regulate CBD in food, beverage, dietary supplements, and cosmetic products independently of the FDA's rules. Laws and regulations regarding CBD are evolving nationwide. The Nebraska Hemp Farming Act, or LB 657) was signed into law by Republican Gov. Pete Ricketts on May 30, 2019, effectively bringing Nebraska law in line with the 2018 Farm Bill.
Under both the Farm Bill and the Nebraska Hemp Farming Act, CBD oil derived from a cannabis or hemp plant which contains less than 0.3% THC is a legal substance. Prior to the passing of the state hemp bill, the Nebraska legislature had passed a hemp agricultural pilot program, which allowed for the cultivation of industrial hemp by the state Department of Agriculture or approved state universities. The Nebraska Hemp Farming Act requires the Department of Agriculture to submit regulations for hemp cultivation for federal approval, per the demands of the Farm Bill. Though the Nebraska Hemp Farming Act doesn't name CBD directly, it does state that legal hemp includes any derivative, extract, or cannabinoid with no more than 0.3% THC. The slight lack of clarity within the language of the bill has caused some confusion among prospective CBD sellers and legislatures over whether CBD is completely legal, even under the new regulations. Prior to the passing of the Nebraska Hemp Farming Act, Republican Attorney General Doug Peterson issued a memo stating that, unless CBD is in an FDA-approved drug or authorized by the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) it was still considered a Schedule 1 substance by the state. As of September 2019, the Attorney General has yet to issue a new statement on the matter in follow-up to the passing of the hemp farming bill. Those looking to cultivate, process, handle, and broker industrial hemp in the state of Nebraska must apply with the Department of Agriculture and pay the necessary cultivator, cultivator site registration, processor-handler site, and site modification fees with the Department of Agriculture. All hemp and hemp-derived CBD products must also be tested for THC concentration by a state-licensed testing facility. Selling unapproved CBD products is considered sale of a controlled substance under Nebraska law. Penalties for cultivating or selling a controlled substance in Nebraska includes a $25,000 fine and a prison sentence of one to 20 years. Possession of hemp-derived CBD is legal as long as it was derived from hemp cultivated and sold under state regulations. Possession of CBD derived from a non-regulated source is considered possession of a controlled substance and results in prison time and fines if convicted. A first offense of possession of 1 ounce, or 28.35 grams, or less of cannabis is treated as an infraction with a $300 fine. For second and third offenses, possession of 1 ounce, or 28.35 grams, or less result in a $500 fine with five and seven days jail time, respectively. Possession of more than 1 ounce to 1 pound, or 28.35 to 454 grams, of cannabis is a misdemeanor, resulting in a $500 fine and three months of incarceration. Possession of more than 1 pound, or 454 grams, is a felony, with penalties including five years prison time and a $10,000 fine. New formulations of CBD allow the cannabinoid to be used in a variety of ways. CBD oil and other CBD products can be legally purchased from state retailers that have sourced their product from licensed hemp cultivators. CBD is also available for sale from online retailers, but may not offer products that meet the requirements of the Nebraska Hemp Farming Act. As the FDA slowly begins to make new regulations for CBD products, the market remains largely buyer beware. Still, the agency warns that in-flux regulations don't excuse companies from making only reputable claims on their labeling. Most reputable CBD producers will typically include the following information on their CBD product labels: Amount of active CBD per serving.
Supplement Fact panel, including other ingredients. CBN Isolate - Everything You Need to Know About Pure Cannabinol. Since its much-heralded arrival into the international mainstream, the cannabis plant’s two most abundant cannabinoids tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) have become household names around the world. Concurrent studies and reports by medical researchers have introduced very real possibilities of their integration into modern medicine, as well as their viability as an alternative to conventional drug treatments. Now medical science is exploring beneficial aspects of lesser-known cannabinoids, particularly cannabinol (CBN) and CBN isolate, for its own medicinal and therapeutic potential. Cannabinol is mildly psychoactive and is a unique cannabinoid in that it grows in concentration with the aging of cannabis. This is due to the fact that as cannabis is exposed to oxygen and heat, its THC directly degrades into CBN. For this reason, CBN was thought to be little more than a waste byproduct until recent international studies proved otherwise. While CBN is present in extremely limited quantities across most commercially-grown strains, cannabis that’s been kept or aged awhile consistently shows higher levels of CBN.
For this reason, hobbyists and researchers alike use older cannabis to explore the effects of this elusive minor cannabinoid. The most commonly available form of CBN extract currently on the market is CBN isolate.