Extracts made using plant material that was frozen immediately after harvest are considered live resin. Their purpose is to maintain the full spectrum available at the moment of harvest and emit an aroma as potent as that of a live plant. The label Live Resin Full Spectrum Extract would explicitly tell a consumer that the extract contains all of the compounds that were available at the moment of harvest. These extracts are considered the most flavorful and aromatic concentrates on the market. Live resin isn’t guaranteed to be a full-spectrum extract, but because they contain extracted monoterpenes usually lost during the drying period, live resin extracts will always contain a higher ratio of monoterpenes than any other extract.
What Does High Terpene Full Spectrum Extract (HTFSE) & High Cannabinoid Full Spectrum Extract (HCFSE) Mean? High Terpene Full Spectrum Extract ( HTFSE ) and High Cannabinoid Full Spectrum Extract (HCFSE) describe the two fractions that occur when a full-spectrum extract is made from cured flowers. HTFSEs are composed of roughly 50% THCA and anywhere from 13% to 40% terpenes. High Cannabinoid Full Spectrum Extracts are roughly 90% THCA. While the spectrum within an HTFSE or HCFSE are not the same as that of a live plant, it is still considered full spectrum because it has captured all of the available compounds at the time of extraction. Rick Simpson Oil (RSO) is an unrefined, potent cannabis oil extracted using ethanol or naphtha, and named after the Canadian engineer who created it. RSO is not a full-spectrum extract, though it’s commonly mislabeled as such.
While the extract contains almost all of the trichomes’ available compounds, the process of adding heat to remove the solvent decarboxylates the major acidic cannabinoids into their neutral form and can potentially alter the terpenes. The RSO extraction process is also done using room-temperature solvents, which extracts all of the plant’s fats and waxes. These are the two main reasons that RSO is not considered a full-spectrum extract, under this strict interpretation of the term, though it’s still an incredibly useful extract that can benefit many different medical marijuana patients. “Chemical Constituents of Marijuana: The Complex Mixture of Natural Cannabinoids.” Life Sciences, vol. “Variations In Terpene Profiles Of Different Strains Of Cannabis Sativa L.” Acta Horticulturae, no. “Cannabis Sativa: The Plant of the Thousand and One Molecules.” Frontiers in Plant Science, vol. Ian Jones is a journalist based in Manchester, England. He specialises in technology and food, with a heavy focus on vaping, CBD and medicinal drugs. He began writing professionally over 15 years ago and is a regular contributor to New Scientist, Vice and the Daily Mirror. He is also the resident CBD expert at the respected vaping website Spinfuel. He began looking at CBD in detail after discovering that it cured his mother's arthritis, and has since become a leading figure in the UK when it comes to educating people about the CBD extraction process and exploring its curative properties. The public profile of CBD has soared in recent years, with users using it to treat all manner of ailments and conditions. It can be consumed in a variety of ways, ranging from simple oral consumption to topical use and even vaping. There are a number of key differences between the two, which we will look at in this article. We will also look at methods of consumption, as this can have dramatic impact on the efficacy of CBD. As we will see, full-spectrum CBD is more popular, and for good reason, but isolate has certain benefits that might appeal to different CBD users. The increased popularity of CBD has led many users to raise questions about the methods of extracting and administering CBD. The main question is which form provides the most effective range of medical benefits for the user. The two most common forms of extracted CBD found in stores are full-spectrum (whole-plant extract) and pure CBD isolate. As CBD's usefulness for medical purposes has become more accepted over the years, new methods of administering it have continued to evolve. This has left some users concerned not just with which form of extracted CBD is most effective or what the proper dosage for them may be, but also with which method of supplementation gives the user the most relief in the right amount of time. Some of the most common methods include applying it sublingually, topically, or taking it in capsules. Vaping cbd is regarded by many to be the most bio-available way to administer, and as such, this has led to an increase in the demand for CBD isolate. This form of CBD is different from full-spectrum CBD extract in that it only contains CBD and none of the other cannabinoids, terpenes, or healthy fatty acids that commonly result from the whole-plant extraction process. Cannabis, with its complex chemical structure, contains over 100 active cannabinoids aside from CBD.
It also contains terpenes, which have anti-inflammatory properties, and are regarded as increasing the efficacy of cannabinoids. Although they are not rated as important as CBD when it comes medical benefits, some of these other cannabinoids have been found to have symptom alleviating qualities as well. The cannabinoids CBN and CBG for example, are found in most full-spectrum extracts and studies have shown that both contain anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and pain relieving properties. Whole-plant extracts typically contain a carefully measured amount of the cannabis plant's most prominent cannabinoid, THC, although usually not in a large enough amount to have any psychological effects.
In many countries, a certain percentage of THC is illegal, so it is vital to know the amount of this cannabinoid when manufacturing products that contain full-spectrum CBD. When present together, CBD and its cannabinoid colleagues, as well as terpenes, produce what is known as an entourage effect. The synergistic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes has been shown to increase the healing properties of each. A study published by the Lautenberg Center for Immunology and Cancer Research, which aimed its focus on the effectiveness of CBD isolate compared to full-plant extract, supported this concept, stating in its summary that "in all of the tests, the isolated CBD was ineffective both before and after a certain dosage, while the effectiveness of the full-spectrum solution continued to increase as higher doses were administered.