Is CBD oil legal in Maryland?
Copy article link to clipboard.
Link copied to clipboard.
- What is CBD?
- Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
- Maryland CBD laws
- Where to buy CBD in Maryland
- How to read CBD labels and packaging
Yes, cannabidiol (CBD) oil is legal. In many ways, CBD laws in Maryland predate many of the most important provisions of the 2018 Farm Bill, which effectively legalized the production of hemp plants and hemp-derived products. Most notably, in 2015, state lawmakers passed a measure that established a legal difference between marijuana plants, which contain more than 0.3% THC, and “industrial hemp” plants, which contain only trace amounts of THC and can legally be grown, harvested, processed, and sold in Maryland. Importantly, this distinction opened the door to legally selling and buying CBD and CBD products derived from low-THC hemp plants before the 2018 Farm Bill was passed.
With this critical distinction in place, Maryland has established itself as a relatively friendly state for CBD and CBD oil.
What is CBD?
THC and CBD are the cannabis plant’s two most prevalent cannabinoids. Generally speaking, THC produces marijuana’s intoxicating effects while CBD does not, but both are thought to provide numerous therapeutic and medicinal qualities.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, a non-intoxicating substance found in cannabis. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
To date, researchers have identified a number of potential health benefits linked to CBD, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety, and anti-seizure properties. This non-intoxicating cannabinoid has shown promise in treating pain; epilepsy and other seizure disorders; mood disorders such as depression, anxiety, and psychosis; and many other medical conditions.
Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
Even though most industrial hemp plants don’t produce enough THC to cause intoxication, all types of cannabis, including hemp, were considered illegal under the 1970 Federal Controlled Substances Act. The legislation swept all cannabis under Schedule 1, which defined cannabis as a substance with a high potential for abuse, no accepted medical use, and a likelihood for addiction.
The 2018 Farm Bill, which was signed by President Donald Trump on Dec. 20, 2018, legalized industrial hemp cultivation and effectively created a legal divide between marijuana and hemp. Under the federal law, hemp is cannabis that contains less than 0.3% THC by weight, and marijuana is cannabis that contains more than 0.3% THC.
To meet federal legal criteria, CBD oil must contain no more than 0.3 percent THC. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Hemp-derived CBD was thus descheduled by the bill, but CBD that is derived from marijuana plants with more than 0.3% THC is still considered federally illegal because marijuana is categorized as a Schedule 1 substance. While hemp is now considered an agricultural commodity, it still must be produced and sold under regulations that implement the bill. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has yet to implement these regulations.
The 2018 Farm Bill also granted the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) power to regulate CBD’s labeling, therapeutic claims, and its use as a food additive. Despite the passage of the Farm Bill, the FDA has taken the stance that even hemp-derived CBD may not be added to food and beverages, nor marketed as dietary supplements.
While the FDA has begun a process of reevaluating its stance on such CBD products, it has yet to revise its rules or specifically regulate CBD products, leading to further confusion. The FDA has been strict when it comes to health claims and content that could be construed as medical advice about CBD.
The federal legislation thus still highly regulates the production and sale of hemp, and its cannabinoids, including CBD. The Farm Bill also provides that states may regulate and even prohibit CBD cultivation and commerce. In addition, states may attempt to regulate CBD products including food, beverage, dietary supplement, and cosmetic products, independently of the FDA finalizing its views on such products.
Maryland CBD laws
State laws regarding CBD oil in Maryland align with federal laws established under the 2018 Farm Bill.
In 2015, state lawmakers passed HB 803, which laid out an important new definition of “industrial hemp,” in contrast to “marijuana,” which this law defined as plants containing more than 0.3% THC by weight. HB 803 defined “industrial hemp” as plants with less than 0.3% THC by weight.
HB 803 also made it legal to grow, possess, sell, or buy industrial hemp in the state. Another important provision of HB 803 is that it also legalized also any part of the hemp plant, including CBD. As per this law, a person must register with the state before legally planting, growing, harvesting, or processing industrial hemp plants or any products from these plants.
Following HB 803, Maryland lawmakers passed H B 443 in 2016. This bill broadened the legal cultivation and production of hemp plants by allowing educational institutions to grow plants for research purposes. This law was later expanded in 2018 with H B 698, which allowed industrial hemp grown or cultivated under the state’s hemp program to be sold, distributed, transported, marketed, and processed both in the state or outside of the state.
In Maryland, it is currently legal to purchase, possess, and consume CBD and CBD products as long as they are derived from plants that meet the legal definition of industrial hemp. Medical marijuana is legal for Maryland residents and non-residents who have a qualifying medical condition and register in Maryland’s medical marijuana program. These patients are allowed to purchase, possess, and consume products that contain both CBD and THC.
Maryland CBD possession limits
There are currently no limits to how much CBD a person can purchase, possess, or consume as long as the product is derived from an industrial hemp plant.
There are currently no limits to how much CBD a person can purchase, possess, or consume as long as the product is derived from an industrial hemp plant. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
For registered medical marijuana patients, there is also no limit specific to CBD. Instead, patients with a medical marijuana card are limited to 120 grams, or 4 ounces, of medical cannabis; or 36 grams, or 1.3 ounces, of concentrates in any 30-day period unless a doctor recommends more, in which case the state may increase an individual patient’s limits.
Where to buy CBD in Maryland
You can purchase CBD either online or in stores.
When it comes to online sales, CBD is most frequently found on brand-specific websites. On these sites you can generally find important product details including what form the CBD is in (e.g., oil, capsules, topicals, tincture, etc.), how much CBD the product contains, what other chemicals or ingredients are in the product, and more. After making your purchase, expect shipping to take anywhere from 3-5 business days to as long as 2 weeks.
In Maryland, you can also purchase CBD and CBD products in several different types of stores including smoke shops, convenience stores, health food stores, or shops that specialize exclusively in CBD products. Additionally, CVS announced in March 2019 that it would begin selling CBD topicals in Maryland.
When purchasing from a shop that offers CBD, especially if it’s a CBD specialist, you can typically get in-person help and expertise from an employee. Explain what you’re looking for and your reasons for consuming CBD and they can point you in the right direction.
How to read CBD labels and packaging
Most reputable CBD producers will typically include the following information on their CBD product labels:
- Amount of active CBD per serving
- Supplement Fact panel, including other ingredients
- Net weight
- Manufacturer or distributor name
- Suggested use
- Full spectrum, broad spectrum, or isolate
- Batch or date code
One of the most important things to pay attention to is whether a CBD product is full spectrum, broad spectrum, or isolate.
Full spectrum means that the CBD has been extracted from a hemp plant along with all other chemicals in the plant, including terpenes and whatever amounts of THC the plant may have produced. Consuming full-spectrum CBD may yield better results from the entourage effect, a phenomenon in which the entire mixture of cannabinoids and terpenes work together and complement one another inside your body.
Broad spectrum means that the product contains CBD and terpenes, but has undergone additional processes to strip out THC.
Finally, CBD isolate is a product that has gone through more intensive processing to remove everything except for CBD. Consuming isolate may produce different effects than full or broad spectrum CBD, as these products do not produce the entourage effect.
Is CBD oil legal in Maryland? Copy article link to clipboard. Link copied to clipboard. Contents What is CBD? Why is CBD sometimes illegal? Maryland CBD laws Where to
Best CBD Oil in Maryland
Following the rest of the I-95 corridor, Maryland is starting to push into the CBD market, with some of the best CBD shops in the region and easy access to more in Wilmington, Philadelphia, and West Virginia. Fortunately for you, we’ve compiled them all below! If you don’t see a store within reach, don’t forget you can always order CBD online; and if you’re in the DC area, check out our special DC page.
Our favorite CBD products can be ordered online for delivery to Maryland:
Is CBD Legal in Maryland?
Maryland first legalized the use of medical cannabis back in 2003 for anyone that could prove that it was medically necessary and provided at the recommendation of their doctor. The state now has a thriving network of medical dispensaries that sell not only marijuana but also marijuana-derived CBD products. Recreational use has yet to become legal, but Maryland made a name for itself in 2014 when it decriminalized marijuana possession and use. It is the most lax state in this regard. Because recreational use isn’t legal, you can not purchase marijuana-derived CBD for this purpose.
Maryland has progressive stances on cannabis, but it drug its feet when it comes to industrial hemp. It wasn’t until April of 2019 that hemp farming became legal in the state, bringing it up to speed with the changes in federal law that took place in late 2018. Hemp-derived CBD is completely legal for both medical and recreational use in Maryland. What’s more, the state is bringing its progressive attitudes to the CBD industry as well. It was announced in 2019 that the chain CVS would start stocking hemp-derived CBD in Maryland. One thing to remember is that you will likely need to be over the age of 18 with a valid ID to obtain your CBD at that store, though.
CBD Oil Shops in Baltimore
Smoke Shop 1 (337 Hospital Dr, Glen Burnie, MD 21061) is one of Baltimore’s go-to vape shops, boasting a 4.5-star rating. Established in 2013, you’ll find a variety of vapes, e-juices, glass pipes, Kratom, and all-natural, hemp-derived CBD oils, liquids, creams, pills, and edibles. In addition to wall-to-wall selection of brand name goods, reviewers rave over the knowledgeable staff, which is eager to help you find the right product, whether you’re a first-time CBD buyer or a longtime enthusiast. Prices are at or below market value, and be sure to check online for potential promotional deals. The hours are great, too! Open seven days a week: Monday-Saturday 9AM-9PM; Sunday 9AM-7PM.
CBD Oil Shops in Annapolis
The 5-star rated Vape Loft (185 Mitchells Chance Rd, Edgewater, MD 21037) is a local, family-owned shop which offers a range of premium-grade goods, including drippers, RDA’s, vaporizers and vape accessories, mods, and high-quality CBD products. The friendly and knowledgeable staff make customer service a breeze, and feel free to ask for guidance if you’re unsure about a product or are new to CBD. Open seven days a week: Monday-Saturday 11AM-8PM; Sunday 12PM-5PM.
CBD Oil Shops in Rockville
Vapor Vapor Vapor (15906 A Shady Grove Rd, Gaithersburg, MD 20877) holds a 4-star rating on 20 reviews. Established in 2014, the shop carries major vaping brand names —— Aspire, SMOK, Segelei, etc. —— and a wall-to-wall CBD selection. The staff offers personal, professional customer service, and don’t forget to check for online deals. Open seven days a week: Monday-Saturday 9AM-9PM; Sunday 11AM-7PM.
CBD Oil Shops in Delaware
Established in 2014, VapeEscape (5321 Concord Pike, Wilmington, DE 19803) was one of Delaware’s first vape shops and employs a highly qualified, knowledgeable staff that’s eager to answer all your CBD oil questions. With one of the largest selections in the region, you’ll find a a variety of premium CBD liquids, waxes, crystals, edibles, tea, and turpines. Customers are also encouraged to try the store’s 1,000 bottle flavors —— and 1 million flavor combinations! —— at the tasting bar to sample products as a try-before-you-buy program. Prices are cheap, and online promotional deals are often available. Open seven days a week: Monday-Saturday 10AM-9PM; Sunday 11AM-5PM.
CBD Oil Shops in Pennsylvania
Just west of Philadelphia, Phoenixville Smoke Shop (245 Bridge St, Phoenixville, PA 19460) offers a wide range of hemp-derived CBD products. Reviewers highlight the store’s knowledgeable and friendly staff, great selection, and up-to-date CBD products. Open seven days a week: 10AM-9PM on weekdays and Sunday; 10AM-10PM Friday-Saturday.
CBD Oil Shops in West Virginia
Charlies Too (835 E Washington St, Charles Town, WV 25438) sells CBD liquids in 20 flavors. Prices can’t be beat, and customer service is a major point of emphasis. If you’ve got a question, don’t be afraid to ask the expert staff!
Eclipse 4922 (Williamsport Pike, Martinsburg, WV 25404) has been serving the tri-state area for 25 years. With a 3,000 square foot space, Eclipse’s extensive inventory includes hand blown pipes, Kratom, and an array of CBD products. Hours are great, too! Open seven days a week, 11AM-7PM.
Best CBD Oil in Maryland Following the rest of the I-95 corridor, Maryland is starting to push into the CBD market, with some of the best CBD shops in the region and easy access to more in